October, 2015: One of the globally recognized and leading healthcare research organizations’ of the country, IIHMRUniversity, Jaipur with its core area in Research, Academics and Training, has signed a LoA with the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit to set up the Center for Injury Research (CIR) in Jaipur. With ever increasing road traffic injuries caused each year in India, The Centre for Injury Research will be set up to design and conduct of research studies, capacity building and intervention projects in the area of Injury and Accidents.
Dr. S.D Gupta, President, IIHMRUniversity, said, “Over 10 lakh vehicles are registered every year only in Rajasthan state. And the trend is year on year increasing which requires a proper road traffic planning for intercity roads and national highways in Rajasthan. Even after the law enforcement and awareness programmes done by government and private sectors in Rajasthan, there have been no change in the last five years as the number of accidents has remained same to over 24000 in 2010 and in 2015.So, CIR will mainly focus on behavioral study so that it helps to change the scenario.”
Globally Road Traffic Accidents (RTA) are the eighth leading cause and has caused the death of 3.4 lakh youngsters in the age group of 15-29 years. India has recorded the highest number of deaths caused due to RTA than any other country. According to the Road Transport and Highways Ministry report on Road Accidents 75,000 youngsters were killed in road crashes alone in 2014. As according to the same source, in 2014 last year in India, the total deaths in the age group of 35-65 years were 49,840 and between 15-34 years were 75,048.
According to World Health Organization report on Road Traffic Injury and Prevention, road traffic injuries are a major but neglected public health challenge that requires concerted efforts for effective and sustainable prevention. Of all the systems with which people have to deal every day, road traffic systems are the most complex and the most dangerous. Road accident occurs due poor road management, vehicle problem, road users, environmental factors, and natural calamities. Loss of human life is the most un-repairable and un-bearable, not only to the family but to the society also. With this background, The IIHMR University, Institute of Health Management Research, Jaipur and Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit have taken an initiative to set up a Center for Injury Research (CIR) in Jaipur.
The state wise share of fatalities in 2014 is: UP (11.7%), Tamil Nadu (10.9%), Maharashtra (9.2%), Karnataka (7.5%) and Rajasthan (7.4%). The statistics were even more horrifying as the number of deaths were classified as per the vehicle share, Two-wheeler caused (23.3%) deaths, 3-wheelers (4.5%), car, jeep and taxi caused (18.6%), Truck, tempo and tractor caused (25.6%) deaths and Buses caused (8.&%) deaths in 2014.
According to the report prepared by the ministry's transport research wing (TRW), the total number of road crashes has increased marginally from 4.86 lakh in 2013 to 4.89 lakh in 2014. The number of fatalities has also gone up by about 1.5%. Thirteen states -Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, West Bengal, Bihar, Punjab and Haryana -account for about 83.2% of the deaths. Honorable Prime Minister Mr. NarenraModiji has also appealed this issue on Radio this year to educate the masses. In line with the appeal of the Honorable Prime Minister, IIHMR University has signed a LoA with the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit to set up the Center for Injury Research in Jaipur.
TheIIHMR University is a WHO collaborating center in Rajasthan for District and Primary Healthcare. The University has also conducted a Management Development Program on the Training of Trainers on Road Safety in the year 2015.